Weed in a position for Vegetable – EuroScientist magazine

Weed in a position for Vegetable – EuroScientist magazine

We’re all conversant in the dangerous homes of weeds, however there are lots of such weeds which play crucial function in human diet. Such weeds are utilized in vegetable shape via rural and woodland dwellers corresponding to Portulaca oleracea, Chenopodium album, Amaranthus cruentatus, Amaranthus viridis, Corchorus oleitorius, Digera arvensis, Amaranthus spinosus and so on.

Portulaca oleracea

It’s often referred to as Purslane in English and kulfa, nonia in india.

It’s crucial plant that happens naturally as a weed in box vegetation and lawns. Purslane is extensively disbursed all over the world. This plant accommodates mucilaginous elements which are of medicinal price. Portulaca plant is usually observed in gardens, plains and roadsides. Its stalk and leaves are each used for meals. It accommodates the homes of nutrients, minerals, iron, antioxidants and fiber, which might be thought to be very advisable for well being. Iron deficiency can also be triumph over via eating Purslane vegetables. Bones and enamel can also be made wholesome and robust via together with Purslane vegetables within the vitamin. Purslane vegetables are wealthy in vitamins like calcium, iron, magnesium which will assist in making bones robust in winters. It’s anti-inflammatory and is wealthy in omega 3 fatty acids, alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene and glutathione. Leafy inexperienced may be very advisable for well being as in comparison to spinach. This is a wealthy supply of potassium 494 mg/100g, magnesium 68mg/100g and calcium 65 mg/100g and has the possible to be applied as a vegetable supply of omega 3 fatty acids. It is a wonderful supply of alpha-linolenic acid and gamma-linolenic acid 4 mg/g recent weight of any leafy inexperienced vegetable. It accommodates alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid at 26.6 mg and 506 mg in step with 100 g. The oxalate content material of purslane leaves was once reported as 671-869 mg/100 g recent weight. The antioxidant content material and dietary price of purslane are necessary for human intake. It’s been reported to have super dietary doable and In long term it may be used as salad, soups, or stews.

Symbol Supply- https://organicbazar.internet/how-to-grow-noniya-or-kulfa-saag-at-home-in-hindi/

Chenopodium album

It’s often referred to as Lambs quareter in English and Bathua in india.

The plant is used within the vitamin now not most effective to supply minerals, fiber, nutrients and very important fatty acids but additionally to make stronger the sensory and useful price of the meals. The plant has historically been used as a blood air purifier, diuretic, sedative, hepatoprotective, antiscorbutic laxative, and as an anthelmintic in opposition to roundworms and hookworms. It’s also antipruritic and antinociceptive. Chenopodium album is understood via a number of commonplace names corresponding to white swan, pigweed, and bathua. This leafy vegetable is in reality a weed that grows in wastelands and along different cultivated vegetation. It happens in all tropical areas of the sector. Guy has been eating its leaves and seeds since time immemorial. In India, the leaves are eaten as a leafy vegetable and prefer every other vegetables, it’s cooked like curd, bathua raita and bathua paratha. The leaves are boiled and eaten. Bathua leaves raita and paratha also are scrumptious. Water 84 grams, power 44 kcal, carbohydrate 7 grams, fats 0.8 grams, protein 4.3 grams, fiber 2.1 grams, iron 4 grams, calcium 280 milligrams, phosphorus 81 milligrams, diet A 11, in step with hundred grams of fit to be eaten bathua leaves. 300 IU, Thiamine 0.15 mg, Riboflavin 0.4 mg, Niacin 1.3 mg and Diet C approx 90 mg.

Digera arvnsis

It’s often referred to as false amaranth in English and lahsuwa in india particularly in hindi.

Digera is an annual herbaceous plant belonging to the circle of relatives Amaranthaceae. Use of inexperienced leafy greens is advisable to handle the underlying micronutrient deficiencies. It typically begins rising particularly after rain. This plant is a storehouse of necessary minerals and is a superb supply of proteins, nutrients, beta-carotene, amino acids and quite a lot of phenolics. It’s been used in the community for hundreds of years in lots of cooking traditions. The leaves and younger twigs utilized by cooking as a vegetable are standard in jap tropical Africa and subtropical Asia. It is regarded as an fit to be eaten inexperienced leafy plant. This plant is a wealthy supply of calcium, iron. It’s 20 cm to 70 cm in measurement, the fit to be eaten phase is 56%, the ash price is 3.54%, the moisture is 83.8%, and the protein content material is 4.3%. It accommodates calcium 506 mg/100 g, potassium 604 mg/100 g, magnesium 232 mg/100 g, phosphorus 63 mg/100 g. The focus of iron in it’s 17.72 mg/100 g, zinc 0.57 mg/100 g, copper 0.16 mg/100 g. It accommodates ascorbic acid 49 mg/100 g, thiamine 0.10 mg/100 g. Overall-carotene is 17.93 mg/100 g and carotene is 3.36 mg/100 g.

Corchorus olitorius

It’s often referred to as wild jute in English and Razan in India.

Leaves with wide stalks and comfortable stems are ate up as a vegetable. It performs crucial function in human vitamin because it has the facility to provide protein, power, minerals and nutrients. This plant is of explicit significance within the human vitamin of Asia and Africa as they may be able to be simply grown in harsh atmosphere and are reasonably simple to domesticate. Corchorus olitorius leaves comprise 18.38% ash, 12.54% crude protein, 11.99% crude lipid and 19.56% to be had carbohydrate. The top power price of leaves is 200.78 kcal/100 respectively. Potassium 2814.15 mg/100 g, Magnesium 76.69 mg/100 g, Sodium 54.56 mg/100 g, Calcium 30.55 mg/100 g, Phosphorus 6.68 mg/100 g, Copper 2.52 mg/100 g, Iron 19.53 mg/100 g in leaves , magnesium is 5.95 mg/100 g and zinc is 4.71 mg/100 g. The leaves of Corchorus olitorius are wealthy assets of potassium, iron, copper, manganese and zinc in addition to have top power price very important in human and animal diet. Its leaves are sticky, so animals devour them with nice fervor. This plant grows in Kharif at the start of the wet season and produces seeds on the finish of Kharif.

Amaranthus cruentatus

It’s often referred to as Pink amaranth in English and Rajgira in India.

Amaranthus cruentus is a tall annual herbaceous plant bearing clusters of darkish red vegetation. The peak of the plant is top. It’s believed to have originated from Amaranthus hybridus. This plant is typically inexperienced in colour however from time to time it’s also red in colour. Its seeds are eaten as a grain, and the leaves can also be eaten cooked like spinach, and the seeds can also be sprouted to make nutritious sprouts.

Amaranthus viridis

It’s often referred to as small amaranth in English and choti Cholai in India.

It’s an annual herbaceous plant with an erect, mild inexperienced stem that grows to a peak of about 60–80 cm. Many branches emerge from the bottom and the leaves are oval, 3–6 cm lengthy, 2–4 cm wide, with petioles about 5 cm lengthy. The plant has inflorescences with few branches. It’s eaten boiled inexperienced or as a vegetable in lots of portions of the sector.

Amaranthus spinosus

It’s often referred to as spiny amaranth in English and kantili cholai in India.

Its plant is wealthy in protein and its leaves are juicy and the stem is comfortable. It is regarded as one of the vital few multipurpose pseudo-cereal vegetation that offer a considerable amount of top nutritive seeds. This is a wealthy supply of protein, beta-carotene, nutrients, minerals, and nutritional fiber. Amaranth starch is promisingly utilized by its top solubility and digestibility in comparison to wheat, rice and oats and its seeds are gluten unfastened and comprise 30% extra protein with the overall set of amino acids.


This kind of plant can be utilized as a commonplace vegetable crop at some point as a result of virtually the entire homes of greens are present in them and extra analysis is had to undertake those vegetation as greens.

Creator: Pawan kumar Mahour, ICAR- Central Sheep and Wool Analysis Institute, Avikanagar

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